Отрочество какой это возраст: этапы взросления. Что такое отрочество? :: SYL.ru

этапы взросления. Что такое отрочество? :: SYL.ru

В данном материале мы расскажем, что такое отрочество, детство, юность. Кратко рассмотрим каждый период человеческой жизни, укажем общепринятые возрастные разграничения.

детство отрочество юность

Детство

Ах, детство… Пора светлая и прекрасная, когда растёт маленький человечек. Шаг за шагом знакомится он с окружающим его миром. Это такой период, когда у малыша начинают формироваться навыки: он учится говорить, ходить, читать, считать, самостоятельно одеваться. В это время также малыш начинает узнавать, изучать и усваивать те культурные навыки, которые присущи обществу, в котором он существует. В разные эпохи развития человечества, у разных народов период детства подразумевал неодинаковое социальное, а главное, культурное содержание. С течением самой истории меняется понимание детства. В качестве примера можно привести такую пословицу, которую часто в древней Руси применяли к данному этапу: «С рождения и до пяти лет относись к ребёнку как к царю-батюшке, с семи лет и до двенадцати — как к слуге, а после двенадцати – как к равному». В настоящее время к наукам, которые изучают период детства, можно отнести педагогику, психологию, социологию, историю, этнографию, каждая из которых по-своему рассматривает этот возрастной период.

что такое отрочество

Отрочество

Следующий этап, который следует за детством, — отрочество. Ребёнок растет, развивается, обучается и начитает учиться общению. Условно можно разделить этот этап на два отрезка: начальная школа, когда ведущим видом деятельности является обучение, и средняя школа — здесь главенствующим является уже общение. Отрочества возраст в разный исторический период менялся, сейчас этот период определяется с семи до пятнадцати лет жизни ребёнка. Этот этап жизни ребёнка еще называют подростковым периодом. Что такое отрочество? Это ещё и тот период развития, когда человек становится половозрелым. Раздражимость и повышенная чувствительность, легкая возбудимость и беспокойство, агрессивная тактика самозащиты и меланхолическая пассивность, — все эти крайности именно в таком сочетании характерны для данного периода жизни. Так устроено современное общество, что каждый подросток стремится как можно быстрее обрести статус взрослого человека. Но увы, такая мечта малодоступна. Как говорится, год за годом своим ходом. Поэтому, как часто и бывает, подросток в этот этап своей жизни приобретает не чувство взрослости, а чувство неполноценности.

детство отрочество

Что такое отрочество? Этот период характерен влиянием знаковых систем: подросток становится потребителем. Потребление является смыслом его жизни. Для поддержания своего чувства личности и приобретения значимости в кругу сверстников подросток становится обладателем определенного набора вещей.

Юность

После отрочества приходит пора юности. Главной и самой важной особенностью этого периода является переход к самостоятельной взрослой жизни. Наступает так называемый этап зрелости. К концу юношеского периода, примерно к двадцати двум годам, завершается процесс созревания человеческого организма: рост, половое созревание, формирование костно-мышечной системы. Черты лица приобретают определенность. В этот период степень личностной зрелости значительно уступает зрелости организма. Профессиональное самоопределение именно на этом этапе является ведущим критерием. Этот момент является значительным шагом к самостоятельности. Многие виды психических функций, таких как внимание, сенсомоторные реакции, некоторые виды памяти, достигают максимального развития. Умение вести самостоятельный образ жизни, которое в этот период требует от юношей и девушек ответственного поведения и инициативы, является главным признаком социальной адаптации и в целом показывает позитивный ход развития личности молодого человека. Личные привязанности ставятся в приоритет перед коллективными отношениями.

Итак, детство, отрочество, юность — важнейшие годы формирования личности человека.

Годы взросления

Все три этапа можно разбить на следующие примерные временные рамки:

  • Детство, которое охватывает годы жизни ребёнка с момента рождения и примерно до семилетнего возраста.
  • Отрочеству отводятся годы с семи лет и до четырнадцати.
  • С четырнадцати и до двадцати двух — двадцати трёх лет время принадлежит этапу юности.

отрочество возраст

Описанные возрастные рамки не являются строго определенными, для каждой культуры и страны они могут быть немного сдвинуты. Но в целом картина возрастного разграничения выглядит именно таким образом, и она на текущий момент является устоявшейся.

Вместо заключения

Итак, в статье мы рассмотрели, что такое отрочество, юность и детство. Каждый из этих этапов жизни важен исходя из того, какое влияние он может оказывать на становление личности человека в целом, определение его профессионального пути развития, усвоение им общечеловеческих ценностей, формирование нравственного сознания и выбора гражданской позиции.

Отрочество — это… Что такое Отрочество?

Подро́сток — юноша или девушка в переходном от детства к юности возрасте. Современная наука определяет подростковый возраст в зависимости от страны (региона проживания) и культурно-национальных особенностей, а также пола (от 12—14 до 15—17 лет).

В 12-16 лет у подростков усиливаются вторичные половые признаки. У девочек появляются менструации: это признак того, что в яичниках начали развиваться и созревать яйцеклетки. К 12-15 годам у мальчиков начинается рост волос на лице, теле, подмышечных впадинах, возникают поллюции — первый признак полового созревания юношей. Обычно этот возраст называют переходным

Жизнь человека (онтогенез)

Период, этап — представители
Получение жизнеспособности,
0—2 дня
Оплодотворение, зачатие, зачаточный период — зигота
от 2 дней Зародышевый период, эмбриональный период — зародыш, эмбрион
C 8—10-й недели развития
и до рождения
Внутриутробный период, пренатальный период — плод
9 месяцев Рождение
До конца первого месяца
после рождения
Период новорождённости — новорождённый
До 1—1,5 лет Младенчество — младенец, малыш/малышка, дитя
От 1,5 до 4—6 лет
(С 3 лет — начало боязни темноты,
До 3—4 лет — выработка
социоадаптационных рефлексов
(испражнения),
В 3 года — самоосознавание,
До 5—6 лет — импритинг,
непроизвольное запоминание)
Дошкольничество, начало детства — дошкольник, мальчик, девочка, ребёнок
От 5 до 10 лет]]
(окончание боязни темноты)
Младший школьный возраст, середина детства — дошкольник, мальчик, девочка, ребёнок
До начала полового созревания Допубертат, препубертат — ребёнок
Половое созревание Пубертат, пубертатный период
11—12 лет Подростковый период, отрочество, младшеподростковый период — подросток, отрок, отроковица, тинейджер
13—15 лет Подростковый период, отрочество, старшеподростковый период — подросток, отрок, отроковица, тинейджер
16-20 лет (до окончания
полового созревания)
Юность — юноша, девушка, молодёжь, молодые люди
18-21 лет Совершеннолетие — совершеннолетний, молодёжь, молодые люди, юноша, девушка
До образования семьи холостяк, не замужем
Образование семьи Брачный союз — женатый, замужняя, семейный, семейная, продолжение рода
До появления симптомов утраты
способностей к продолжению рода
Зрелость — женщина, мужчина, взрослый
Утрата способностей к
продолжению рода
Старость — старик, пенсионер, пожилой человек, долгожитель
Утрата жизнеспособности
(рекорд — к 122 годам)
Смерть — покойник
Человек разумный
ПОДРОСТКОВЫЙ ВОЗРАСТ, ОТРОЧЕСТВО — это… Что такое ПОДРОСТКОВЫЙ ВОЗРАСТ, ОТРОЧЕСТВО?



ПОДРОСТКОВЫЙ ВОЗРАСТ, ОТРОЧЕСТВО
период развития индивидуального организма (от 10-11 до 15 лет), соответствующий началу перехода от детства к юности; относится к числу критических периодов развития организма, связанных с кардинальными преобразованиями в сфере сознания, деятельности и системы взаимоотношений индивида. Этот этап характеризуется бурным ростом человека, формированием организма в процессе полового созревания, что оказывает заметное влияние на психофизиологические особенности подростка. Основу формирования новых личностных качеств подростка составляет общение в процессе осуществляемой им деятельности (учебной, производственной, занятий творчеством, спортом и др.). Определяющей особенностью общения подростков является его ярко выраженный личностный характер, активное стремление приобщиться к миру взрослых, ориентация поведения на нормы и ценности этого мира. Характерным новообразованием для подросткового возраста является развитие самосознания и самооценки, интереса к себе как к личности, к своим возможностям и способностям. При отсутствии условий для индивидуализации и позитивной реализации своих новых возможностей самоутверждение подростка может принимать уродливые формы, приводить к неблагоприятным реакциям (см. Девиантное поведение).

Профессиональное образование. Словарь. Ключевые понятия, термины, актуальная лексика. — М.: НМЦ СПО.
С.М. Вишнякова.
1999.

  • ПОДРОСТКИ С ДЕВИАНТНЫМ (ОБЩЕСТВЕННО ОПАСНЫМ) ПОВЕДЕНИЕМ
  • ПОДТЕКСТ

Смотреть что такое «ПОДРОСТКОВЫЙ ВОЗРАСТ, ОТРОЧЕСТВО» в других словарях:

  • подростковый возраст — (ОТРОЧЕСТВО) период онтогенеза (от 10–11 до 15 лет), соответствующий началу перехода от детства к юности. В историческом плане выделение П. в. как особой возрастной ступени (см. возраст) в становлении человека произошло в промышленно развитых… …   Большая психологическая энциклопедия

  • подростковый возраст — paauglystė statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis 11–15 m. amžiaus tarpsnis, pasižymintis sudėtingais fizinio ir psichinio vystymosi prieštaravimais. Jis sutampa su ikipubertetine ir pubertetine lytinio brendimo faze. Staigiai didėja ūgis ir… …   Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas

  • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — см. Подростковый возраст. Большой психологический словарь. М.: Прайм ЕВРОЗНАК. Под ред. Б.Г. Мещерякова, акад. В.П. Зинченко. 2003 …   Большая психологическая энциклопедия

  • Отрочество — Подросток юноша или девушка в переходном от детства к юности возрасте. Современная наука определяет подростковый возраст в зависимости от страны (региона проживания) и культурно национальных особенностей, а также пола (от 12 14 до 15 17 лет). В… …   Википедия

  • Возраст совершеннолетия — Совершеннолетие  возраст, с достижением которого, согласно законодательным нормам, наступает полная гражданская дееспособность. При этом возникают также другие дополнительные права и обязанности. Лица, не достигшие возраста совершеннолетия,… …   Википедия

  • Отрочество — (ст.слав. – отросток) – период детства, охватывающий возрастной этап от семи до пятнадцати лет. Мальчика в этом возрасте называют отроком, в старославянском смысле работником, слугой, рабом. Девицу этого возраста называют отроковицей. По нашей… …   Основы духовной культуры (энциклопедический словарь педагога)

  • отрочество — paauglystė statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis 11–15 m. amžiaus tarpsnis, pasižymintis sudėtingais fizinio ir psichinio vystymosi prieštaravimais. Jis sutampa su ikipubertetine ir pubertetine lytinio brendimo faze. Staigiai didėja ūgis ir… …   Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas

  • возраст — (в психологии) категория, служащая для обозначения временных характеристик индивидуального развития. В отличие от хронологического В., выражающего длительность существования индивида с момента его рождения, понятие психологического В. обозначает… …   Большая психологическая энциклопедия

  • возраст подростковый — (отрочество) Период онтогенеза (от 10 11 до 15 лет), соответственный переходу от детства к юности. В историческом плане выделение возраста подросткового как особой возрастной ступени в становлении человека произошло в промышленно развитых странах …   Большая психологическая энциклопедия

  • возраст — жизненный период организма от рождения до конкретного момента и его биологическое состояние на данное время. Применительно к человеку – сроки (этапы), на протяжении которых совершаются определённые структурные, функциональные и приспособительные… …   Биологический энциклопедический словарь

Отрочество Википедия

Запросы «Подросток» и «Отрочество» перенаправляются сюда; см. также другие значения терминов Подросток и Отрочество.

Подростко́вый во́зраст[1] — период в развитии человека, переходный этап между детством и взрослостью.

Бразильские подростки

Культурно-историческая природа подросткового возраста[ | ]

Подростковый возраст как отдельно рассматриваемая стадия в развитии человека существовал не всегда.

Филипп Ариес пришёл к выводу, что в Европе до XIX века отсутствовало понятие той возрастной категории, которую сегодня принято называть отрочеством. Ариес полагал, что это понятие появляется лишь в конце XIX века, когда юность становится основной темой в литературе, к ней проявляют внимание моралисты и политики[2].

Причиной возникновения подросткового возраста стала необходимость этапа подготовки к взрослому возрасту. Социальная и технологическая организация общества настолько усложнилась, что для успешного вхождения в мир взрослых необходим ещё один возрастной период[3][уточнить].

Периодизация подросткового возраста[ | ]

Советский психолог Д. Б. Эльконин[4] выделял два периода в эпохе подростничества: младший подростковый возраст (12—14 лет) и старший подростковый возраст (ранняя юность) (15—17 лет).

Современная наука определяет подростковый возраст в зависимости от страны (региона проживания) и культурно-национальных особенностей, а также пола (от 12[5] до 17[5] лет).

Согласно терминологии Фонда Организации Объединённых Наций в области народонаселения (ЮНФПА), подростки — лица в возрасте 10—19 лет (ранний подростковый возраст — 10—14 лет; поздний подростковый возраст — 15—19 лет)[6]. По данным ООН, на 2011 год в мире насчитывалось более миллиарда подростков[7].

Распространённое сейчас слово тинейджер[8] происходит от

Отрочество — это… Что такое Отрочество?

  • отрочество — отрочество, а …   Русский орфографический словарь

  • отрочество — См. юность… Словарь русских синонимов и сходных по смыслу выражений. под. ред. Н. Абрамова, М.: Русские словари, 1999. отрочество детство, юность; возраст, малолетство Словарь русских синонимов …   Словарь синонимов

  • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — ОТРОЧЕСТВО, отрочества, мн. нет, ср. (книжн.). Переходный возраст между детством и юностью. Детство , Отрочество и Юность названия повестей Л.Толстого. Толковый словарь Ушакова. Д.Н. Ушаков. 1935 1940 …   Толковый словарь Ушакова

  • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — ОТРОЧЕСТВО, а, ср. Возраст между детством и юностью; период жизни в таком возрасте. | прил. отроческий, ая, ое. Толковый словарь Ожегова. С.И. Ожегов, Н.Ю. Шведова. 1949 1992 …   Толковый словарь Ожегова

  • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — англ. adolescence;;нем. Pubertat. Antinazi. Энциклопедия социологии, 2009 …   Энциклопедия социологии

  • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — см. Подростковый возраст. Большой психологический словарь. М.: Прайм ЕВРОЗНАК. Под ред. Б.Г. Мещерякова, акад. В.П. Зинченко. 2003 …   Большая психологическая энциклопедия

  • Отрочество — Подросток юноша или девушка в переходном от детства к юности возрасте. Современная наука определяет подростковый возраст в зависимости от страны (региона проживания) и культурно национальных особенностей, а также пола (от 12 14 до 15 17 лет). В… …   Википедия

  • отрочество — отроческий, отрочество (неправильно отроческий, отрочество) …   Словарь трудностей произношения и ударения в современном русском языке

  • отрочество — paauglystė statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis 11–15 m. amžiaus tarpsnis, pasižymintis sudėtingais fizinio ir psichinio vystymosi prieštaravimais. Jis sutampa su ikipubertetine ir pubertetine lytinio brendimo faze. Staigiai didėja ūgis ir… …   Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas

  • отрочество — переходный возраст между детством и юностью. см. пубертат. (Источник: Словарь сексуальных терминов) …   Сексологическая энциклопедия

  • отрочество — это… Что такое отрочество?

    
    переходный возраст между детством и юностью. см. пубертат.

    (Источник: Словарь сексуальных терминов)

    Синонимы:

    • отрок
    • отцеубийство

    Смотреть что такое «отрочество» в других словарях:

    • отрочество — отрочество, а …   Русский орфографический словарь

    • отрочество — См. юность… Словарь русских синонимов и сходных по смыслу выражений. под. ред. Н. Абрамова, М.: Русские словари, 1999. отрочество детство, юность; возраст, малолетство Словарь русских синонимов …   Словарь синонимов

    • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — ОТРОЧЕСТВО, отрочества, мн. нет, ср. (книжн.). Переходный возраст между детством и юностью. Детство , Отрочество и Юность названия повестей Л.Толстого. Толковый словарь Ушакова. Д.Н. Ушаков. 1935 1940 …   Толковый словарь Ушакова

    • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — ОТРОЧЕСТВО, а, ср. Возраст между детством и юностью; период жизни в таком возрасте. | прил. отроческий, ая, ое. Толковый словарь Ожегова. С.И. Ожегов, Н.Ю. Шведова. 1949 1992 …   Толковый словарь Ожегова

    • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — англ. adolescence;;нем. Pubertat. Antinazi. Энциклопедия социологии, 2009 …   Энциклопедия социологии

    • ОТРОЧЕСТВО — см. Подростковый возраст. Большой психологический словарь. М.: Прайм ЕВРОЗНАК. Под ред. Б.Г. Мещерякова, акад. В.П. Зинченко. 2003 …   Большая психологическая энциклопедия

    • Отрочество — Подросток юноша или девушка в переходном от детства к юности возрасте. Современная наука определяет подростковый возраст в зависимости от страны (региона проживания) и культурно национальных особенностей, а также пола (от 12 14 до 15 17 лет). В… …   Википедия

    • отрочество — отроческий, отрочество (неправильно отроческий, отрочество) …   Словарь трудностей произношения и ударения в современном русском языке

    • Отрочество — (ст.слав. – отросток) – период детства, охватывающий возрастной этап от семи до пятнадцати лет. Мальчика в этом возрасте называют отроком, в старославянском смысле работником, слугой, рабом. Девицу этого возраста называют отроковицей. По нашей… …   Основы духовной культуры (энциклопедический словарь педагога)

    • отрочество — paauglystė statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis 11–15 m. amžiaus tarpsnis, pasižymintis sudėtingais fizinio ir psichinio vystymosi prieštaravimais. Jis sutampa su ikipubertetine ir pubertetine lytinio brendimo faze. Staigiai didėja ūgis ir… …   Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas

    Книги

    • Отрочество, Лев Николаевич Толстой. Повесть «Отрочество» – вторая часть знаменитой трилогии Льва Николаевича Толстого «Детство. Отрочество. Юность». У Николая Иртеньева в Москве появляется новый наставник. Жизнь вокруг кипит,… Подробнее  Купить за 2243 руб
    • Отрочество, Л. Н. Толстой. «Отрочество» — вторая повесть в псевдо-автобиографической трилогии Льва Толстого, впервые напечатана в 1854 году. Эта книга описывает события, происходящие в жизни подростка во время… Подробнее  Купить за 200 руб
    • Отрочество, Л. Толстой. Повесть ОТРОЧЕСТВО — вторая часть знаменитой трилогии ДЕТСТВО. ОТРОЧЕСТВО. ЮНОСТЬ. У Николая Иртеньева в Москве появляется новый наставник. Жизнь вокруг кипит, но Николай чувствует себя все… Подробнее  Купить за 69 руб

    Другие книги по запросу «отрочество» >>

    Отрочество—юность (adolescence) — это… Что такое Отрочество—юность (adolescence)?

    О.—ю. — период перехода от детства к ранней взрослости, начинающийся примерно с 11—13 лет и заканчивающийся в возрасте от 18 лет до 21 года, однако его точные временные границы зависят от таких разнотипных факторов, как окружающая культура и биолог. развитие. Этот переход связан с изменениями в биолог., когнитивном и соц. развитии.

    Хотя начало научного изучения О.—ю. обычно датируется временем публикации известного труда С. Холла, эмпирические исслед., сконцентрированные на этом периоде развития, существенно отстали по количеству и качеству работ от сравнимых исслед. детей и детства. Центры по изучению развития ребенка, программы подготовки дипломированных специалистов в области детского развития и соотв. научные журналы превосходят численно аналогичные формы работы, направленные на улучшение наших знаний о подростках — юношах и девушках.

    Несмотря на однозначность пубертатных изменений (скачок роста, изменения половых признаков и уровней выделения гормонов), они подготавливаются постепенно. Указать точно, когда индивидуум вступает в период О. — ю. и когда выходит из него, отнюдь не так легко, как может показаться. Однако в настоящее время пубертат, по-видимому, наступает все же раньше, чем в прошлые десятилетия, и это связано, вероятно, с улучшившимся здоровьем и питанием. Такая отрасль знания, как генетика поведения, начинает приносить пользу в объяснении таких изменений.

    Подростки претерпевают не только биолог. изменения; они испытывают не менее существенные когнитивные перемены. Большинство исследователей сходятся в том, что наступление О. — ю. еще нельзя считать сигналом появления полностью сформировавшегося мышления на уровне формальных операций. Согласно альтернативной т. зр., выраженной в модели ветвления (branch model), осн. (доминирующая) линия подросткового мышления яв-ся по характеру формально-операциональной (более абстрактной и организованной по сравнению с конкретно-операциональной), но при этом вполне возможно существование дополнительных, обходных путей мышления. Еще одна теорет. позиция предлагает выделять в формально-операциональном мышлении раннюю и позднюю стадии.



    Многочисленные приложения теории Пиаже к обучению подростков опирались на предположение о том, что большинство подростков мыслят на уровне конкретных операций и, следовательно, их следует обучать менее абстрактными, более конкретными способами.

    Соц. переходы юношей и девушек собирают в фокусе такие разнородные сферы личности, как идентичность, независимость, половые роли, моральные устои и нравственные ценности, достижения. Вероятно, конструкт идентичности более, чем любой другой, интуитивно охватывает ряд самых важных изменений, происходящих в период О.—ю.

    Исследователей всегда интересовали два типа окружения, оказывающих наибольшее влияние на развитие в О. — ю.: сверстники и родители. Одно недавно проведенное исслед. свидетельствует о том, что добровольное подчинение антисоциальным сверстникам достигает пика примерно в IX классе, а к XII классу конфликт между нормами родителей и сверстников становится менее выраженным. Хотя авторитарная дисциплина, по-видимому, подавляет развитие независимости в О.—ю., а демократический стиль родительского поведения, напротив, способствует ее развитию, исследователи могли бы уделить больше внимания таким понятиям, как «реципрокная социализация» и «синхрония—асинхрония». Последнее понятие, суть к-рого в том, что компетентные родители придерживаются порядка в проявлении инициативы и лидерства, кажется особенно существенным для успешного выполнения родительских функций в течение О. — ю.

    Исторические перемены

    Нек-рые теоретики и исследователи считают, что несоразмерно много внимания уделялось проблемам и отклонениям в период О.—ю., тогда как большинство юношей и девушек даже в т. н. «бунтарские» времена конца 1960-х гг., рационально и законопослушно продвигаются в направлении зрелой взрослости.

    Хотя в любой период времени довольно легко впасть в стереотипизацию подростков, нек-рые ист. перемены, видимо, действительно имели место. Конгер указывает на неск. таких перемен: а) что касается половых ролей, теперь больше матерей, к-рые работают и зарабатывают деньги, служат ролевыми моделями, и больше девочек-подростков воспитывается в андрогинном, а не в традиционно феминном духе; б) значительно больше подростков растут в семьях, где мать работает, а тж в семьях, разрушенных разводом; в) по-видимому, происходит более тонкое изменение, к-рое трудно определить точно, но лучше всего можно охарактеризовать как возросший интерес к себе.

    См. также Развитие в отрочестве-юности, Развитие человека, Развитие на протяжении жизни

    Дж. У. Сэнтрок

    .

    90000 What Is The Adolescent Age Range, And What Challenges Do Adolescents Face? 90001
    90002 By Joy Youell 90003

    90002 Updated December 03, 2019 90003

    90002 Reviewer Aaron Horn 90003
    90002

    Adolescence
    is
    a
    unique
    time
    in
    which
    children
    become
    adults.
    This
    journey
    is
    full
    of
    firsts.
    Teens
    and
    the
    adults
    who
    love
    them
    may
    find
    that
    new
    boundaries
    and
    communication
    patterns
    being
    established.There
    are
    many
    things
    to
    celebrate
    about
    this
    season,
    as
    well
    as
    many
    challenges.
    Here
    are
    some
    helpful
    facts
    to
    understand
    about
    this
    developmental
    phase
    and
    some
    advice
    as
    you
    navigate
    a
    new
    season
    of
    your
    relationship
    with
    a
    teenager. 90003
    90002

    90002 Concerned About The Challenges That Adolescents Face? 90003 Get Answers Now. Speak With A Licensed Teen Counselor Online Today. 90013 90014 Source:
    unsplash.com 90015 90003
    90002
    90018
    Challenges
    of
    Adolescence 90019 90003
    90002

    Young
    people
    in
    the
    adolescent
    age
    range
    are
    commonly
    described
    as
    rebellious,
    self-centered,
    troubled,
    or
    just
    plain
    difficult.This
    time
    is
    also
    full
    of
    freedom,
    independence,
    and
    accelerated
    growth.
    While
    it
    is
    true
    that
    adolescence
    can
    be
    a
    tumultuous
    time
    for
    children
    and
    parents
    alike,
    the
    adolescent
    can
    navigate
    these
    years
    successfully
    to
    mature
    into
    healthy
    adults.
    Adults
    can
    better
    understand
    the
    goals
    of
    adolescence
    and
    work
    with
    their
    teens
    by
    providing
    support
    in
    their
    growth.
    Adolescents
    and
    adults
    around
    them
    can
    benefit
    from
    learning
    more
    about
    this
    challenging
    time
    in
    young
    people’s
    lives. 90003
    90002
    90018
    What
    Is
    the
    Age
    Range
    Of
    Adolescent
    People? 90019 90003
    90002

    The
    most
    common
    adolescent
    age
    range
    definition
    is
    simply
    ‘Teens.’
    We
    think
    of
    adolescents
    as
    people
    who
    are
    teenagers.
    This
    transitional
    phase
    takes
    them
    on
    a
    journey
    that
    carries
    them
    from
    childhood
    to
    adulthood. 90003
    90002

    Different
    sources
    cite
    different
    adolescent
    age
    range
    numbers.
    For
    example,
    the
    World
    Health
    Organization
    says
    adolescents
    are
    between
    the
    ages
    of
    10
    and
    19.
    Other
    sources
    set
    the
    minimum
    age
    higher,
    at
    12
    years
    old.
    Some
    say
    the
    age
    range
    should
    go
    to
    about
    24
    years
    old

    when
    the
    brain
    actually
    stops
    developing.
    Whatever
    the
    specific
    numbers
    are,
    adolescence
    is
    loosely
    defined
    as
    occurring
    between
    late
    childhood
    and
    early
    adulthood.90003
    90002
    90018
    Phases
    of
    Adolescence 90019 90003
    90002

    Psychologists
    break
    down
    the
    age
    range
    for
    adolescent
    people
    into
    three
    distinct
    phases.
    These
    are
    early,
    middle,
    and
    late
    adolescence.
    Each
    of
    these
    phases
    comes
    with
    its
    characteristics,
    challenges,
    and
    goals. 90003
    90037
    90038

    Early
    adolescence
    occurs
    between
    10-14
    years
    of
    age 90039
    90038

    Middle
    adolescence
    occurs
    between
    15-17
    years
    of
    age 90039
    90038

    Late
    adolescence
    continues
    from
    age
    18
    to
    adulthood 90039
    90044
    90002
    90018
    Rites
    of
    Passage 90019 90003
    90002

    During
    adolescence,
    people
    go
    through
    many
    rites
    of
    passage.These
    are
    specific
    events
    that
    mark
    the
    maturation
    from
    childhood
    to
    adulthood.
    Some
    of
    the
    most
    common
    rites
    of
    passage
    in
    the
    modern
    Western
    world,
    and
    particularly
    in
    America,
    include: 90003
    90051
    90038

    Baptism
    or
    confirmation 90039
    90038

    Beginning
    of
    menstruation
    for
    girls 90039
    90038

    Getting
    a
    driver’s
    license 90039
    90038

    Sweet
    16
    party 90039
    90038

    First
    date 90039
    90038

    First
    sexual
    encounter 90039
    90038

    18th
    birthday 90039
    90038

    High
    school
    graduation 90039
    90038

    Moving
    away
    from
    home
    for
    the
    first
    time 90039
    90038

    First
    job 90039
    90038

    21st
    birthday
    marking
    the
    end
    of
    adolescence 90039
    90074
    90002

    90013 90014 Source:
    unsplash.com 90015 90003
    90002
    90018
    Physical
    Challenges 90019 90003
    90002

    Adolescents
    face
    several
    challenges
    related
    to
    the
    physical
    changes
    in
    their
    bodies.
    If
    they
    are
    healthy,
    this
    is
    typically
    the
    time
    when
    they’re
    at
    the
    peak
    of
    their
    physical
    speed,
    strength,
    and
    endurance.
    Many
    early
    adolescents
    gain
    or
    lose
    weight
    before
    they
    stabilize
    later
    during
    these
    years.
    They
    have
    more
    independence
    at
    this
    phase,
    so
    they
    need
    to
    learn
    to
    make
    the
    right
    food
    choices
    and
    include
    exercise
    in
    their
    daily
    routines
    without
    being
    prompted
    by
    parents.Adolescents
    also
    are
    dealing
    with
    a
    body
    that
    is
    beginning
    to
    make
    their
    gender
    more
    evident.
    They’re
    not
    only
    getting
    used
    to
    new
    physical
    sensations,
    but
    they’re
    also
    noticing
    their
    sex
    drive,
    perhaps
    for
    the
    first
    time. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Intellectual
    Challenges 90019 90003
    90002

    As
    children
    become
    adults,
    they’re
    faced
    with
    new
    intellectual
    challenges.
    Their
    schoolwork
    becomes
    more
    demanding.
    They’re
    supervised
    less
    and
    need
    to
    learn
    to
    manage
    their
    time
    and
    schoolwork
    on
    their
    own.Whereas
    childhood
    is
    lived
    mostly
    in
    the
    here
    and
    now,
    adolescents
    develop
    a
    greater
    capacity
    to
    plan
    for
    the
    future.
    Intellectual
    characteristics
    are
    also
    changing.
    During
    childhood,
    people
    see
    things
    in
    pretty
    concrete
    terms.
    However,
    during
    adolescence,
    people
    can
    begin
    to
    understand
    more
    abstract
    concepts.
    Adolescents
    who
    get
    a
    job
    will
    need
    to
    learn
    the
    requirements
    for
    that
    work
    as
    well
    as
    skills
    that
    allow
    them
    to
    complete
    it
    successfully. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Social
    Challenges 90019 90003
    90002

    Although
    children
    do
    have
    friends,
    much
    of
    their
    social
    contact
    is
    with
    family
    members.During
    adolescence,
    people
    begin
    to
    make
    more
    friends
    outside
    of
    that
    small
    circle
    and
    spend
    more
    time
    with
    those
    friends.
    They
    have
    friends
    of
    both
    genders
    and
    typically
    have
    their
    first
    romantic
    relationships.
    Most
    adolescents
    have
    experienced
    the
    feeling
    of
    falling
    in
    love
    before
    they
    reach
    adulthood. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Moral
    Challenges 90019 90003
    90002

    When
    we
    become
    adults,
    we
    gradually
    take
    on
    moral
    responsibilities.
    Adolescents
    are
    faced
    with
    difficult
    moral
    dilemmas
    that
    they
    must
    decide
    for
    themselves.Some
    of
    these
    might
    include: 90003
    90051
    90038

    Is
    it
    right
    to
    stand
    up
    to
    a
    bully? 90039
    90038

    Must
    I
    follow
    my
    parents ‘
    religion? 90039
    90038

    Is
    it
    okay
    to
    cheat
    on
    a
    test? 90039
    90038

    Is
    there
    anything
    wrong
    with
    using
    drugs
    and
    alcohol? 90039
    90038

    Is
    it
    wrong
    to
    put
    me
    first? 90039
    90038

    Do
    I
    have
    a
    responsibility
    to
    help
    others? 90039
    90038

    Am
    I
    mature
    enough
    for
    a
    sexual
    relationship? 90039
    90038

    Is
    physical
    violence
    ever
    justified? 90039
    90038

    Should
    I
    leave
    home
    or
    try
    to
    work
    out
    problems
    here? 90039
    90074
    90002

    If
    you’re
    a
    parent,
    you
    may
    feel
    like
    you
    know
    the
    right
    answers
    to
    all
    of
    these
    moral
    questions.An
    important
    element
    of
    maturity
    is
    creating
    an
    identity
    that
    is
    distinct
    from
    your
    family
    of
    origin.
    Even
    in
    a
    home
    that
    has
    clearly
    articulated
    answers
    to
    these
    questions,
    a
    teenager
    will
    need
    to
    assess
    and
    decide
    for
    themselves. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Mental
    Health
    Challenges 90019 90003
    90002

    Adolescence
    brings
    a
    host
    of
    psychological
    changes
    and
    challenges.
    Mentally
    healthy
    parents
    allow
    their
    children
    to
    develop
    independence
    and
    provide
    emotional
    support.
    For
    adolescents,
    trusted
    adults
    are
    a
    base
    of
    security
    that
    they
    can
    connect
    with
    for
    comfort
    in
    between
    ventures
    into
    the
    world
    of
    independence.Adolescents
    may
    be
    looking
    for
    meaning
    in
    their
    lives
    in
    a
    deeper
    way
    than
    they
    ever
    have
    before.
    Even
    though
    they
    may
    seem
    flighty
    or
    over-emotional,
    they’re
    usually
    looking
    for
    the
    bigger
    picture
    of
    what
    reality
    is
    for
    adults. 90003
    90002

    90002 Concerned About The Challenges That Adolescents Face? 90003 Get Answers Now. Speak With A Licensed Teen Counselor Online Today. 90013 90014 Source:
    unsplash.com 90015 90003
    90002

    Body
    image
    is
    a
    big
    concern
    in
    adolescents.
    During
    the
    adolescent
    phases,
    young
    boys
    and
    girls
    compare
    themselves
    to
    other
    adolescents
    as
    well
    as
    adults.They
    may
    become
    obsessed
    with
    their
    physical
    appearance,
    wondering
    if
    their
    look
    can
    measure
    up
    to
    what
    society
    expects
    of
    them.
    Adolescents
    can
    even
    be
    so
    obsessed
    with
    their
    appearance
    that
    they
    become
    anorexic
    or
    bulimic. 90003
    90002

    Many
    mental
    health
    conditions
    appear
    first
    during
    adolescence.
    Bipolar
    disorder
    is
    frequently
    identified
    during
    the
    late
    teenage
    years.
    As
    adolescents ‘
    hormones
    gear
    up,
    their
    emotions
    tend
    to
    flair.
    It’s
    important
    for
    parents
    to
    be
    aware
    of
    changes
    in
    emotional
    expression
    or
    behavior
    that
    are
    so
    extreme
    that
    they
    stand
    out
    even
    among
    adolescents.90003
    90002

    If
    faced
    with
    what
    are
    or
    seem
    like
    monumental
    difficulties
    and
    stressors
    for
    the
    first
    time,
    teens
    may
    become
    depressed.
    They
    may
    even
    consider
    suicide,
    cutting,
    or
    other
    forms
    of
    self-harm.
    When
    life
    seems
    too
    difficult
    or
    if
    they
    want
    to
    escape
    the
    emotional
    pains
    that
    come
    with
    making
    this
    transformation
    into
    adulthood,
    they
    may
    feel
    like
    giving
    up.
    These
    emotional
    problems
    may
    be
    purely
    situational
    and
    transitory
    during
    their
    adolescence,
    or
    they
    may
    indicate
    signs
    of
    a
    serious
    mental
    health
    condition.90003
    90145

    How
    To
    Help
    Your
    Adolescent
    During
    These
    Years 90146
    90002

    Adolescence
    is
    an
    exciting
    time,
    both
    for
    the
    child
    and
    for
    their
    parents.
    There
    are
    some
    things
    you
    can
    do
    to
    help
    your
    child
    meet
    the
    challenges
    they’re
    faced
    with
    and
    become
    healthy
    adults. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Work
    on
    Communication
    Skills 90019 90003
    90002

    Talking
    to
    an
    adolescent
    is
    both
    easier
    and
    more
    difficult
    than
    talking
    to
    a
    child.
    It’s
    easier
    because
    they
    understand
    more
    sophisticated
    concepts.
    At
    the
    same
    time,
    it
    can
    be
    more
    difficult
    due
    to
    the
    evolution
    of
    the
    parental-child
    relationship.A
    parent
    may
    be
    accustomed
    to
    telling
    their
    child
    what
    to
    do
    instead
    of
    guiding
    them
    to
    decide
    for
    themselves.
    Parents
    may
    use
    different
    words
    to
    relay
    the
    same
    meaning.
    If
    you
    feel
    that
    you’re
    out
    of
    touch
    with
    adolescent
    culture,
    you’re
    not
    alone.
    You
    can
    educate
    yourself
    or
    simply
    just
    ask
    them
    kindly
    to
    rephrase
    their
    question.
    You
    can
    also
    encourage
    your
    teen
    to
    ask
    questions
    by
    providing
    answers
    that
    are
    reasonable,
    nonjudgmental,
    and
    emotionally
    neutral. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Encourage
    Responsibility 90019 90003
    90002

    It’s
    common
    for
    parents
    to
    want
    to
    dictate
    responsibility
    to
    their
    adolescents
    directly.They
    may
    say
    to
    their
    child,
    ‘Okay,
    you
    are
    responsible
    for
    cleaning
    up
    after
    meals. ‘
    While
    it
    is
    important
    to
    be
    clear
    and
    consistent
    with
    rules,
    there
    are
    other
    responsibilities
    that
    the
    child
    needs
    to
    take
    on
    for
    themselves.
    Teens
    need
    to
    be
    allowed
    to
    make
    decisions.
    Their
    responsibility
    is
    more
    likely
    if
    they
    are
    in
    agreement
    about
    the
    rules
    or
    guidelines
    being
    proposed.
    They
    need
    to
    commit.
    If
    not,
    you’ll
    have
    to
    enforce
    an
    excessive
    number
    of
    rules
    to
    ensure
    that
    they
    do
    what
    you
    want
    them
    to
    do.A
    good
    example
    of
    this
    is
    music
    lessons.
    If
    your
    child
    is not
    interested
    in
    becoming
    a
    great
    pianist,
    they
    may
    not
    be
    willing
    to
    commit
    to
    daily
    practice
    sessions.
    If
    you
    insist
    that
    they
    do
    it
    anyway,
    you’ll
    have
    to
    push
    every
    day
    to
    make
    them
    practice.
    This
    can
    cause
    serious
    conflict
    over
    something
    that
    is not
    important
    to
    their
    successful
    completion
    of
    adolescence. 90003
    90002

    Rather
    than
    imposing
    unnecessary
    rules
    on
    your
    adolescent,
    you
    can
    do
    several
    things
    to
    encourage
    them
    to
    take
    responsibility
    for
    doing
    positive
    things
    and
    making
    contributions.You
    can
    do
    this
    by
    modeling
    responsible
    behavior
    or
    by
    chatting
    with
    them
    about
    what’s
    important
    to
    them
    and
    what
    they
    think
    they
    need
    to
    do
    to
    accomplish
    those
    tasks. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Promote
    Independence 90019 90003
    90002

    Your
    child
    may
    rush
    to
    independence
    during
    adolescence,
    or
    they
    may
    balk
    at
    the
    idea
    of
    venturing
    out
    into
    the
    world.
    More
    likely,
    they’ll
    move
    back
    and
    forth
    from
    dependence
    to
    independence
    as
    they
    learn
    to
    enjoy
    thinking
    for
    themselves.
    An
    adult
    can
    be
    the
    emotionally
    strong
    and
    healthy
    base
    of
    support
    for
    their
    teen.This
    helps
    your
    child
    develop
    independence
    without
    feeling
    overwhelmed. 90003
    90002

    90013 90014 Source:
    unsplash.com 90015 90003
    90002

    Sometimes,
    adolescents
    do not
    even
    consider
    that
    they
    can
    decide
    for
    themselves.
    If
    you
    recognize
    an
    opportunity
    to
    let
    your
    teen
    practice
    making
    decisions,
    start
    by
    letting
    them
    know
    it’s
    okay
    if
    they
    do
    and
    that
    you
    know
    they’ll
    make
    the
    right
    choice.
    Your
    confidence
    in
    them
    will
    help
    them
    feel
    more
    confident,
    as
    well. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Seek
    a
    Professional
    Opinion 90019 90003
    90002

    If
    you
    feel
    you
    need
    help
    to
    communicate
    with
    your
    adolescent
    better,
    therapy
    can
    help.Individual
    therapy
    gives
    you
    a
    chance
    to
    learn
    new
    skills
    on
    your
    own.
    You
    may
    employ
    a
    therapist
    to
    help
    mediate
    conversations
    in
    family
    therapy.
    BetterHelp
    offers
    a
    variety
    of
    qualified
    counselors
    who
    can
    meet
    you
    and
    your
    teen
    online.
    The
    convenience
    of
    this
    may
    provide
    a
    helpful
    format
    to
    open
    communication
    with
    your
    adolescent.
    Read
    below
    for
    some
    reviews
    of
    BetterHelp
    counselors,
    from
    people
    experiencing
    similar
    issues. 90003
    90002
    90018
    Counselor
    Reviews 90019 90003
    90002

    «I
    have
    been
    working
    with
    Carolyn
    for
    6
    months
    now,
    and
    have
    tremendously
    benefited
    from
    her
    counseling
    as
    I
    support
    my
    daughter
    for
    Anorexia.Anorexia
    is
    a
    very
    complex
    mind-body
    illness,
    and
    the
    family
    members
    can
    play
    a
    very
    important
    role
    in
    the
    recovery
    by
    educating
    ourselves
    and
    understanding
    her
    behavior.
    This
    allows
    me
    to
    use
    correct
    words
    with
    her
    and
    watch
    my
    own
    behavior
    with
    her,
    so
    I
    am
    supporting
    her
    in
    a
    healthy
    manner
    and
    not
    enabling
    her
    illness
    further.
    Additionally,
    my
    own
    stress
    has
    been
    very
    difficult
    as
    I
    watch
    my
    sweet
    daughter
    suffer,
    so
    I
    had
    been
    in
    need
    of
    finding
    coping
    skills
    for
    myself.
    Carolyn’s
    expertise,
    her
    very
    compassionate
    but
    clear
    guidelines
    and
    feedback
    to
    me
    have
    made
    me
    more
    confident
    and
    capable
    of
    dealing
    with
    this
    difficult
    illness.I
    am
    finding
    a
    lot
    of
    strength
    from
    her
    therapy,
    and
    most
    importantly,
    I
    am
    handling
    my
    daughter
    better
    and
    can
    see
    the
    difference
    in
    my
    interactions
    with
    her.
    I
    am
    thankful
    to
    Carolyn
    for
    coming
    into
    my
    life
    when
    I
    needed
    someone
    to
    guide
    me
    through
    this.
    In
    addition
    to
    our
    weekly
    video
    chats,
    I
    am
    able
    to
    send
    her
    quick
    texts
    on
    the
    BetterHelp
    app
    if
    an
    issue
    arises,
    and
    I
    need
    her
    thoughts,
    and
    Carolyn
    replies
    back
    very
    quickly
    with
    more
    tips
    to
    help
    me.
    I
    have
    recommended
    BetterHelp
    to
    friends
    as
    access
    to
    a
    great
    therapist
    like
    Carolyn
    would
    not
    have
    been
    possible
    for
    me
    without
    this
    platform…
    while
    I
    also
    do
    this
    from
    the
    convenience
    of
    my
    time
    and
    home.
    Thank
    you,
    Carolyn,
    and
    thank
    you,
    Betterhelp,
    for
    being
    here
    for
    me! «90003
    90002

    90003
    90002
    90018
    «90019 Tammi
    has
    made
    such
    a
    difference
    in
    my
    life.
    Had
    I
    not
    had
    her
    help,
    I’m
    pretty
    sure
    I
    would’ve
    lost
    all
    contact
    with
    my
    19-year-old
    daughter,
    who
    chose
    to
    live
    with
    her
    father.
    She
    understands
    teenagers
    and
    moms
    of
    teenagers!
    So
    kind,
    wise,
    experienced,
    compassionate,
    and
    level
    headed,
    I
    can not
    say
    enough
    good
    about
    her !! «90003
    90002

    90003
    90002
    90018
    Conclusion 90019 90003
    90002

    People
    deal
    with
    many
    complex
    issues
    during
    adolescence.Teenagers ‘
    parents
    may
    need
    help
    staying
    close
    to
    them
    while
    letting
    them
    spread
    their
    wings. 90003
    90002

    If
    you
    or
    someone
    you
    love
    is
    having
    a
    difficult
    time
    understanding,
    communicating
    with,
    or
    helping
    their
    adolescent
    child
    deal
    with
    these
    tumultuous
    years,
    you
    can
    talk
    to
    a
    counselor.
    Online
    counselors
    are
    available
    at

    BetterHelp

    to
    help
    you
    work
    through
    problems
    with
    your
    adolescent
    or
    guide
    you
    through
    the
    last
    phases
    before
    adulthood.
    Adolescence
    is
    certainly
    challenging,
    but
    with
    the
    right
    help,
    it
    can
    end
    successfully
    as
    the
    child
    becomes
    a
    healthy,
    independent
    adult.Take
    the

    first
    step

    today. 90003

    .90000 adolescence | Definition, Characteristics, & Stages 90001 90002 90003 Adolescence 90004, transitional phase of growth and development between childhood and adulthood. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines an adolescent as any person between ages 10 and 19. This age range falls within WHO’s definition of 90005 young people 90006, which refers to individuals between ages 10 and 24. 90007 Three youths running down a street together . 90008 Polka Dot Images / Thinkstock 90009 90002 Top Questions 90007 90012 How is adolescence defined? 90013 90002 Adolescence is the transitional phase of growth and development between childhood and adulthood.The World Health Organization (WHO) defines an adolescent as any person between ages 10 and 19. 90007 90016 Does adolescence exist in all cultures? 90013 90002 Nearly every culture recognizes adolescence as a stage of development. However, the duration and experiences of adolescence vary greatly across the cultural spectrum. 90007 90020 What kinds of changes take place during adolescence? 90013 90002 Many changes take place during adolescence. Prominent among these are physical changes, including puberty, and social and psychological changes, with development of reasoning skills, rational thought, and moral judgment.90007 90002 In many societies, however, adolescence is narrowly equated with puberty and the cycle of physical changes culminating in reproductive maturity. In other societies adolescence is understood in broader terms that encompass psychological, social, and moral terrain as well as the strictly physical aspects of maturation. In these societies the term 90005 adolescence 90006 typically refers to the period between ages 12 and 20 and is roughly equivalent to the word 90005 teens 90006. 90007 90002 During adolescence, issues of emotional (if not physical) separation from parents arise.While this sense of separation is a necessary step in the establishment of personal values, the transition to self-sufficiency forces an array of adjustments upon many adolescents. Furthermore, teenagers seldom have clear roles of their own in society but instead occupy an ambiguous period between childhood and adulthood. These issues most often define adolescence in Western cultures, and the response to them partly determines the nature of an individual’s adult years. Also during adolescence, the individual experiences an upsurge of sexual feelings following the latent sexuality of childhood.It is during adolescence that the individual learns to control and direct sexual urges. 90007 90002 Some specialists find that the difficulties of adolescence have been exaggerated and that for many adolescents the process of maturation is largely peaceful and untroubled. Other specialists consider adolescence to be an intense and often stressful developmental period characterized by specific types of behaviour. 90007
    Get exclusive access to content from our тисяча сімсот шістьдесят вісім First Edition with your subscription.Subscribe today
    90034 Physical and psychological transition 90035
    90002 Stereotypes that portray adolescents as rebellious, distracted, thoughtless, and daring are not without precedent. Young persons experience numerous physical and social changes, often making it difficult for them to know how to behave. During puberty young bodies grow stronger and are infused with hormones that stimulate desires appropriate to ensuring the perpetuation of the species. Ultimately acting on those desires impels individuals to pursue the tasks of earning a living and having a family.90007
    90002 Historically, many societies instituted formal ways for older individuals to help young people take their place in the community. Initiations, vision quests, the Hindu samskara life-cycle rituals, and other ceremonies or rites of passage helped young men and women make the transition from childhood to adulthood. An outstanding feature of such coming-of-age rites was their emphasis upon instruction in proper dress, deportment, morality, and other behaviours appropriate to adult status.90007
    90002 The Kumauni hill tribes of northern India offer a vivid example of a culture that traditionally celebrates distinct stages in every child’s life. When a girl reaches puberty, her home is decorated with elaborate representations of the coming of age of a certain goddess who, wooed by a young god, is escorted to the temple in a rich wedding procession. Anthropologist Lynn Hart, who lived among the Kumauni, noted that each child grows up at the centre of the family’s attention knowing that his or her life echoes the lives of the gods.Although Kumauni teenagers may act in ways that bewilder their elders, tribal traditions ease the passage through this stage of life, helping young people to feel a connection to their community. 90007 90034 Social constraints 90035
    90002 From a biological perspective, adolescence should be the best time of life. Most physical and mental functions, such as speed, strength, reaction time, and memory, are more fully developed during the teenage years. Also in adolescence, new, radical, and divergent ideas can have profound impacts on the imagination.90007
    90002 Perhaps more than anything else, teenagers have a remarkable built-in resiliency, seen in their exceptional ability to overcome crises and find something positive in negative events. Studies have found that teens fully recover from bad moods in about half the time it takes adults to do so. Despite this resilience, however, for some teens these years are more stressful than rewarding-in part because of the conditions and restrictions that often accompany this period in life. 90007
    90034 Restrictions on physical movement 90035
    90002 Teenagers spend countless hours doing things they would prefer not to do, whether it be working or spending hours behind school desks processing information and concepts that often come across as abstract or irrelevant.Even excellent students say that most of the time they are in school they would rather be «somewhere else.» Many Western adolescents prefer to spend their time with friends in settings with minimal adult supervision. 90007
    90002 The layouts of contemporary American communities-especially suburban ones-cause some teens to spend as many as four hours each day just getting to and from school, activities, work, and friends ‘houses, yet getting from place to place is not something they have control over until they obtain a driver’s license (an event that became a major rite of passage for adolescents in much of the developed world).But even with access to a car, many teenagers lack appropriate places to go and rewarding activities in which to participate. Many engage with digital devices or digital media or spend time with peers in their free time. 90007 A group of teenaged students on a school bus. 90008 © Digital Vision / Getty Images 90009
    90002 Adolescents generally find that activities involving physical movement-sports, dance, and drama, for example-are among the most pleasurable and gratifying. Ironically, the opportunities for participation in such activities have dwindled, largely because budget concerns have led schools to cut many nonacademic subjects such as physical education.In some American public schools, extracurricular activities have been greatly curtailed or no longer exist. 90007
    90034 Absence of meaningful responsibility 90035
    90002 In the 1950s the increasingly important teenage market became a driving force in popular music (especially rock music), film, television, and clothing. Indeed, in those countries experiencing the post-World War II economic boom, adolescence was transformed by the emergence of teenagers as consumers with money to spend. In the contemporary developed world, adolescents face a bewildering array of consumer choices that include television programs, movies, magazines, CDs, cosmetics, computers and computer paraphernalia, clothes, athletic shoes, jewelry, and games.But while many teenagers in these relatively affluent countries have no end of material amusements and distractions, they have few meaningful responsibilities, in sharp contrast both to their counterparts in countries struggling merely to survive and to earlier generations. 90007
    90002 Alexander the Great (356-323 bce) was still a teenager when he set out to conquer a large part of the known world at the head of his father’s Macedonian armies. Lorenzo de ‘Medici (1449-92) was an adolescent when his father sent him to Paris to work out subtle financial deals with the king of France.On a less exalted level, until a few generations ago, boys as young as age five or six were expected to work in factories or mines for 70 or more hours a week. In almost all parts of the world, girls were expected to marry and take on the responsibilities of running a household as early as possible. 90007
    90002 In 1950 German-born American psychoanalyst Erik H. Erikson described adolescence in modern Western societies as a «moratorium,» a period of freedom from responsibilities that allows young people to experiment with a number of options before settling on a lifelong career.Such a moratorium may be appropriate in a culture marked by rapid changes in vocational opportunities and lifestyles. If young people are excluded from responsibilities for too long, however, they may never properly learn how to manage their own lives or care for those who depend on them. 90007
    90002 Of course some adolescents create astonishing opportunities for themselves. William Hewlett and David Packard were teens when each began experimenting with electronic machines, and they founded the Hewlett-Packard Company when they were only in their mid 20s.As an adolescent, Microsoft Corporation cofounder Bill Gates was already formulating the business strategy that just a few years later would dumbfound the IBM colossus and make him one of the wealthiest men in the world. By and large, however, most teens play a waiting game, expecting to start «really living» only after they leave school. As useful as these years can be in preparing teens for their future roles in society, this isolation from «real» life can be enormously frustrating. In order to feel alive and important, then, many teenagers express themselves in ways that seem senseless to the rest of the population.90007
    90034 Isolation from adults 90035
    90002 In many public schools in the United States, student-teacher ratios of between roughly 12 and 25 (depending on whether the school is private or public) mean that the classroom atmosphere is influenced considerably more by peers than by teachers. At home teenagers spend at least several hours each day without parents or other adults present. Moreover, during the little time when adolescents are at home with their parents, the family typically watches television or the children disappear to study, play games, listen to music, or communicate with friends on computers, phones, or other devices.90007
    90002 Estrangement from parents has clear effects. Teens who do little and spend little time with their parents are likely to be bored, uninterested, and self-centred. Lack of positive interaction with adults is particularly problematic in urban settings that had once enjoyed a lively «street-corner society,» where men traditionally shared their experiences with younger ones in a setting that was casual and relaxed. This vital facet in the socialization of young men has largely disappeared to the detriment of individual lives and communities.In its place, peer influence can be counterproductive by reinforcing a sense of underachievement or sanctioning deviant behaviour. 90007
    90034 Deviance 90035
    90002 With little power and little control over their lives, teens often feel that they have marginal status and therefore may be driven to seek the respect that they feel they lack. Without clear roles, adolescents may establish their own pecking order and spend their time pursuing irresponsible or deviant activities. For example, unwed teen motherhood is sometimes the result of a desire for attention, respect, and control, while most gang fights and instances of juvenile homicide occur when teenagers (boys and girls alike) feel that they have been slighted or offended by others.Such deviance can take many forms. Insecurity and rage often lead to vandalism, juvenile delinquency, and illegal use of drugs and alcohol. Violence and crime, of course, are as old as humankind. 90007
    90002 Contemporary juvenile violence is often driven by the boredom young people experience in a barren environment. Even the wealthiest suburbs with the most lavish amenities can be «barren» when viewed from an adolescent’s perspective. Ironically, suburban life is meant to protect children from the dangers of the big city.Parents choose such locations in the hope that their children will grow up happy and secure. But safety and homogeneity can be quite boring. When deprived of meaningful activities and responsible guidance, many teens find that the only opportunities for «feeling alive» are stealing a car, breaking a school window, or ingesting a mind-altering drug. A middle-class adolescent caught with jewelry that he had stolen from a neighbour’s house claimed that the act of stealing had been fun. Like other teenagers, by «fun» he meant something exciting and slightly dangerous that takes nerve as well as skill.In parts of Asia and Africa, similarly, rebel groups have conscripted teens who go on to find excitement and self-respect behind machine guns. Millions of them have died prematurely as a result. 90007
    90002 Behavioral scientists have gained valuable insight into the conditions that cause teenage strife. In many cases, adults are in the position to alleviate some of the frictions that make intergenerational relations more strained than they need to be. Research indicates that those adolescents who have the opportunity to develop a relationship with an adult role model (parental or otherwise) are more successful than their peers in coping with the everyday stresses of life.90007.90000 Adolescent Age Range And What It Means 90001
    90002 By Sarah Fader 90003

    90002 Updated July 03, 2020 90003

    90002 Reviewer Deborah Horton 90003
    90002 90003
    90002 Source: rawpixel.com 90003
    90002 We feel your pain. We really do. 90003
    90002 One minute your teen is demanding adult responsibilities like driving privileges and a later curfew.The next she is whining about being asked to take out the trash. 90003
    90002 Your son is taller than you are, yet he still needs help remembering to finish his homework assignments and to put his socks in the laundry. 90003
    90002 So is your adolescent child an adult now? Is she ready for adult responsibilities? 90003
    90002 Or is he still a child? 90003
    90002 It’s so hard to tell. Depending on the day, you’re not sure whether you should let your teen try living on her own or whether you should take away her car keys and lock her safely in her room for eternity.90003
    90002 But while the constant waffling between childhood and adulthood may be an annoying inconvenience for you, that ill-defined no-man’s-land between childhood and adulthood poses some legal and cultural challenges to society in general. This maddening gray area is evident in the many inconsistencies in our laws and social policies. 90003
    90002 When a youth turns 16, he is legally allowed to drive, to drop out of school, or to declare emancipation from his parents. But he may not rent a car or drive with another young driver until the age of 25.He is allowed to vote at 18, but he’s not allowed to serve as a representative to the U.S. Congress until the age of 25. He is allowed to smoke cigarettes at 18, but not allowed to consume alcohol until the age of 21. He may begin working at the age of 14, but he is allowed to remain on his parents ‘health insurance until the age of 25. 90003
    90002 Our laws reveal our uncertainty about where exactly adolescence begins and ends, and this uncertainty can create real problems. To what degree do we hold teenagers legally responsible for their actions? Should we give them adult responsibilities like driving, drinking, voting and running for elected office? Or should we prolong childhood as long as possible to keep them safe? 90003
    90002 It seems clear that moving too far in either direction is problematic.If we give adolescents more responsibility than they can handle, this not only harms them but their communities and the larger society as well. But if we hold their hands for too long, we risk creating a generation of young people who lack the confidence to care for themselves. 90003
    90002 So what’s the answer? What is the right age to declare that a young person is no longer an adolescent … but an adult? What’s the adolescent age range definition? 90003
    90002 The answer is more complicated than you might think 90003
    90002 90003
    90002 Source: pixabay.com 90003
    90040 90041 Stages Of Adolescence 90042 90043
    90002 Nearly everyone agrees that adolescence can be broken into three stages: early, middle and late adolescence. 90003
    90002 However, the chronological ages of these stages have evolved due to changes in our culture. 90003
    90002 It is commonly accepted that adolescence kicks off with the onset of puberty. This is the beginning of the physical development that will take place throughout adolescence. By middle adolescence, much of this work is finished: teens have nearly attained their adult height and weight, and they have the physical capacity to reproduce.90003
    90002 Due to improvements in health and nutrition, puberty is now happening much earlier than it used to. This effectively means that adolescence begins sooner, at about the age of 10 as opposed to 14. 90003
    90002 At the other end of the spectrum, adolescence seems to last longer than it used to, as well. The average age for both men and women to enter their first marriage continues to rise. Adolescents are now more likely to prolong their educational experience by going to college or university, or even grad school, thus postponing entering the workforce.Also, recent scientific discoveries about brain development reveal that the prefrontal cortex (the part of the brain responsible for rational decision making) is not fully developed until some time in our mid-twenties. 90003
    90002 For all these reasons, the precise ages for each stage of adolescence seem to be a moving target. 90003
    90002 Here is a breakdown of each stage with approximate age ranges and some of the tasks accomplished in each 90003
    90002 90003
    90002 Source: pixabay.com 90003
    90002 90041 Early Adolescence (ages 11-13) 90042 90003
    90002 This is the time of the greatest physical growth; your child’s height and weight will rapidly increase.Boys ‘voices will deepen, and girls will begin to menstruate. Both boys and girls develop the cognitive ability to understand that their parents are not perfect, and this may result in conflict. They still share the same value system as their parents. At this age, children see right and wrong in concrete, black-and-white terms. They will become moody and insist on more privacy. 90003
    90002 90041 Middle Adolescence (ages 14-18) 90042 90003
    90002 At this stage, puberty is mostly completed. Teens are now able to engage in abstract and relativist thinking, which helps them with the formation of their own identity as separate from their parents.They can think about the future and set clear goals. Peer groups continue to be important. Teens will define their identities and values ​​based on their peer groups rather than their parents. They may develop feelings of love or passion for the opposite sex. 90003
    90002 90041 Late Adolescence (ages 19-21 +) 90042 90003
    90002 At this stage, adolescents can demonstrate concern and compassion for the feelings of others. They have developed a sense of self that is separate from their parents or their peer group.Their peer relationships are still important, and they also begin to develop more serious relationships. The traditions of their upbringing and culture may once again become important, as they reflect on their earlier selves as part of their larger identity. They can engage in adult thinking and to set clearly defined goals for the future. 90003
    90002 Of course, it’s difficult to predict where your child might fall within these approximate age ranges. Some might start puberty as young as 9. Others might still be at work on the tasks of adolescent development as late as age 29.90003
    90002 So how can parents, communities and government entities come to a consensus about the correct age to launch young people into adulthood? 90003
    90002 90003
    90002 Source: pixabay.com 90003
    90088 90041 When Does Adolescence End? 90042 90091
    90002 Until recent years, 19 was the commonly agreed-upon age for the end of adolescence. In most cultures, this coincided with the end of secondary education and the beginning of a young person’s encounter with the full-time working world.90003
    90002 In fact, many argue that the entire concept of adolescence is nothing more than a social construct which did not even exist 100 years ago. The first mention of adolescence was in a paper written in 1904. Before that time, children left school and entered the workforce at young ages. When child labor laws got children out of the workforce, and other laws kept them in school longer, it lengthened their time of dependence, freeing them to work on social and cognitive tasks of growing up which they might otherwise have ignored.90003
    90002 There are some who think that similar cultural shifts are creating yet another developmental no-man’s-land, which needs yet another definition. Psychologists now believe that longer overall lifespans combined with the postponement of traditional adult responsibilities give us a group known as «emerging adults.» 90003
    90002 In many ways, this label seems to fit. With increasing independence, it seems disrespectful to label a young person in his twenties as an «adolescent.» However, he has not yet quite achieved the traditional milestones of adulthood.90003
    90002 Whether we extend the age range for adolescent development to 24, or we label twentysomethings as «emerging adults,» it seems clear that young people in this age group need just the right balance of independence and nurturing. 90003
    90002 90041 Implications 90042 90003
    90002 What implications does extending the adolescent age range mean for public policy? 90003
    90002 Here are a few logical results. 90003
    90110
    90111 Extending youth support services to the age of 25, especially for those in foster care or with special needs 90112
    90111 Expanded mental health services for adolescents 90112
    90111 Delay the age when adolescents are considered legally competent to make their own decisions 90112
    90111 Ensure that adolescents and «emerging adults» have access to quality healthcare 90112
    90119
    90002 Of course, each of these recommendations has the potential to cause a domino effect on our culture.What might happen to teens who live in abusive homes and want to be emancipated from their parents? What about young girls facing an unplanned pregnancy who need to seek out services, but whose parents are morally opposed to abortion? The debate about when young people are old enough to make their own decisions has many personal and deeply emotional implications. 90003
    90002 There is also the question of whether we are «coddling» our young people too much by shielding them from responsibility.After all, a twenty-year-old would shrink from referring to himself as an «adolescent,» and prefers to be considered an adult. If that’s the case, should not we give him the respect of allowing him to make decisions on his own? 90003
    90002 90003
    90002 Source: pixabay.com 90003
    90002 90041 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 90042 90003
    90002 90041 What are the 3 stages of adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 It is commonly accepted that adolescents undergo three major developmental stages which are early adolescence, middle adolescence, and late adolescence (early adulthood).Because of how critical the adolescent transition is, psychologists and major mental health bodies like the American Psychological Association (APA) recommend that timely and constructive interventions and support are most needed during this period.Knowing the different stages of adolescent development will go a long way to help you understand their behaviors, thought systems, and feelings they are experiencing per time. 90003
    90110
    90111 90041 Early Adolescence: 90042 This is the stage when a teenager is approaching puberty.During this stage, adolescents of both sexes go through physical growth and increased sexual development and interests. This period is often uncomfortable for some as their body, mind, and intellect are experiencing some changes which influence their emotional and psychological growth. Though during this stage, they may have limited interest in the future, their moral thinking is usually developed during this stage. 90112
    90111 90041 Middle Adolescence: 90042 For both males and females, this is the period when puberty is completed, although, physical growth may slow down.Cognitively, they tend to be more abstract, although, they may go back to concrete thinking when stressed. Adolescents in this stage are more aware of themselves and they experience several social, economical and psychological changes such as an increased drive for independence and increased self-involvement. 90112
    90111 90041 Late Adolescence: 90042 This is the young adulthood phase where adolescence experience lesser physical development, and more psychological and mental developments.They think and act more rationally, make decisions about their future, are more emotionally stable and independent, and have a firmer sense of self-identity. 90112
    90119
    90002 90041 What are the 5 characteristics of Adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 Adolescence is the period of transition between childhood to adulthood, and it is usually characterized by rapid developments and changes that may be inconsistent and uncomfortable. The 5 characteristics of adolescence are: 90003
    90110
    90111 Biological Growth and Development: This is the onset of adolescence which is marked by the beginning of puberty.Growth spurts, voice changes, sexual characteristics are developed, complexion problems may occur, and specific hormones are released. 90112
    90111 Undefined status: Adolescents tend to be subjected to unclear social expectations, which usually vary by culture and upbringing. Some are treated as children, while some, as adults. Some may be allowed to marry at age 16, vote at 18, and take alcohol at age 21. 90112
    90111 Increased Decision making: Adolescents and preteens begin to become responsible and take more decisions themselves, set goals and chase career paths.90112
    90111 Increased pressure: Parents, teachers, and peers all pressurizes adolescents to behave and act in specific manners. Peer pressure is always the strongest during adolescence and a lot of teens may feel pressured to go into romantic relationships or get a job. 90112
    90111 The Search for Self: Adolescents can establish what is normal or acceptable and they also begin to set important priorities. They also prepare for future roles and try to equip and prepare themselves to assume these roles in the near future.90112
    90119
    90002 90041 What are the types of adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 According to the American Psychological Association (APA), the different classification of adolescents are the 90041 purely rebellious 90042 — young people who push the patience of their parents and adults around them, continuously trying to shed off the old ‘child’ identity and prove all grown up. Some of these adolescents continually get involved in vices like car theft, carjacking, pick-pocketing, drugs, etc.The other type of adolescents are the 90041 purely compliant 90042 who are generally obedient and abide by the set rules by their parents and adult models. And there is also the 90041 mixed type 90042 of adolescents who are a combination of the two. 90003
    90002 90041 What are the four stages of adolescence? 90042 90003
    90110
    90111 90041 Stage One: Letting Childhood Go 90042 90112
    90119
    90002 Early Adolescence (Ages 9-13): This is the phase when they let childhood go, and may begin to express dissatisfaction when being defined or treated as a child.They become less interested in traditional childhood activities, expressing grievances about limits on personal freedom and seemingly unfair demands from adults in their lives. 90003
    90110
    90111 90041 Stage Two: Forming A Family with Friends 90042 90112
    90119
    90002 Mid Adolescence (Ages 13-15): This is the stage when adolescents are more aware of themselves, are given to peer pressure, and are driven by the desire for social freedom from parents and the need for immediate gratification.They become more concerned about acceptance and the need to belong amongst their peers, and most decisions are driven by this need to blend in. They may also desire to spend more time with their friends rather than their parents. 90003
    90110
    90111 90041 Stage Three: Acting all Grown Up 90042 90112
    90119
    90002 Late Adolescence (Ages 15-18): Adolescents at this stage exhibit more level of independence, as they are now engaged in more grown-up activities like paid employment, involvement in romantic relationships, driving a car, setting goals for the future, etc.They tend to push for more adult freedom and this may sometimes be problematic for parents or adult figures in their lives. 90003
    90110
    90111 90041 Stage Four: Stepping Off on their Own 90042 90112
    90119
    90002 Young Adulthood (Ages 18-23): This is the trial independence phase. They are more independent and mostly may even get separated from home, live independently, pursue set goals, and are more responsible for their actions and decisions. 90003
    90002 90041 Why is adolescence so difficult? 90042 90003
    90002 According to the American Psychological Association, the period of transition from a child who is dependent on parents, to a self-reliant and independent adult is one of the most dynamic, extensive, and influential developmental periods in a human’s life.Adolescence is considered the most difficult stage of a person’s life and this can be traced to the fact that the phase comes with rapid physical, behavioral, emotional, and psychological changes. As much as it can be an exciting period, it can also be very uncomfortable and confusing for both the adolescent and even their parents. From the time puberty begins, they begin to experience changes in physical appearance, girls begin to menstruate, boys grow muscles, and they begin to act and feel differently.They also start seeking relationships outside their immediate family, give in to peer pressure, and seeking gratification and acceptance which may make them begin to unhealthy decisions. Of course, disagreements begin to occur between adolescents and their parents as they now want to have their way with things, keep secrets, take decisions without involving their parents, spend more time outside with friends, and seek independence from parents. 90003
    90002 90041 What are the 5 stages of adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 There are major developmental stages that adolescents go through and parents and other adults need to understand these so they can relate better with the adolescents and also support and care for them.The five stages of adolescent development are: 90003
    90110
    90111 Physical Development: This is a primary characteristic of adolescence. Adolescents experience growth spouts, skeletal structures experience changes, brain development, as well as hormonal and sexual developments, occur. Girls begin to develop breasts and hips, and menstruation also starts, while boys begin to grow muscles. The physical changes may vary by gender; for girls, these changes may begin from age 12, while for boys, changes may begin at about age 14.90112
    90111 Social Development: Adolescents begin to socialize and relate more to with their peers than their parents. While as kids, children have loyalty to their parents or other adult role models like teachers, this loyalty shifts to their friends and peers at adolescence. They begin to have a strong need to belong, and peer approval and perception is of great importance for them, while adult approval may reduce in importance. 90112
    90111 Emotional Development: Adolescence is the phase when emotions begin to run high.Preteens may begin to exhibit argumentative and even aggressive behaviors as a result of sudden and intense emotions. And because they are beginning to develop a sense of self, they may alsoo become self-absorbed and preoccupied with themselves, whilst also scrutinizing their thought processes and personalities. They also constantly test the limits of what behaviors are acceptable and challenge adult authority. Adolescents also tend to overreact to situations, ridicule or make fun of others, or feel embarrassment.90112
    90111 Intellectual Development: This is another major characteristic of adolescence; and while it is not as visible as physical development, it is just as strong. Adolescents tend to exhibit a wide range of individual cognitive characteristics, including independent thoughts and metacognition. They develop higher thinking, advanced language skills, a sense of purpose, and social consciousness. 90112
    90111 Moral Development: It is during adolescents that kids ‘attitudes, belief systems, and values ​​are formed, and these traits usually remain with them forever.Adolescents move away from just accepting the adult moral judgment and they develop their own set of values, although they usually hold on to the values ​​of parents or adult role models. They also tend to be idealistic and possess a strong sense of fairness, as well as reconciling their understanding of people who care about them with their egocentricity. Adolescents may approach moral dilemmas in different ways, depending on gender- boys view moral issues through justice lens and females, through interpersonal care lens.90112
    90119
    90002 90041 At what age does adolescence end? 90042 90003
    90002 The phase of adolescence is known to kickstart when puberty begins and ends when adult identity and behavior are established. This development phase corresponds to the period between 10 and 19 years of age, which also goes in line with the World Health Organization’s definition of adolescence. 90003
    90002 90041 What are the 7 stages of development? 90042 90003
    90002 The following are the 7 stages of human growth and development: 90003
    90110
    90111 90041 Conception: 90042 This is the stage when the sperm from the man and the egg cells from the woman joins together to form a foetus.It is the beginning of human life. 90112
    90111 90041 Infancy 90042: This is the stage from a child’s birth up to about 18months. The child is solely dependent on parents, and also begins to crawl, roll over, walk, and is relatively active. Regarding physical development, infancy is the stage where growth is most rapid. It is also during infancy that the child begins to develop a sense of trust in its caregivers when basic emotional and physical needs are met, and lack of such may go on to affect the child almost throughout its lifetime.90112
    90111 90041 Childhood: 90042 This is the period between 18months to about 13 years of age. Usually, growth happens in spurts and the child becomes more independent. Fine and gross motor skills are developed. 90112
    90111 90041 Adolescence: 90042 During this stage of development is when puberty occurs- between 13years to 18years. Physical features like breasts, hips, and muscles develop, and emotional and social changes also take place. The child begins to find pleasure in spending more time with friends instead of at home, submits to peer pressure, and cares a lot about validation and acceptance from peers.Adolescents may also begin to pick and have goals for their future during this phase. They also may get independence from parents as they begin to work during this period. This the stage that prepares one for adulthood. 90112
    90111 90041 Adulthood: 90042 This developmental period launches one into full adulthood, and it begins around 18 years. Physical changes stop, while emotional, cognitive, and social changes continue. This is the point in a human’s life where one establishes intimate relationships and friendships.They pursue their career and life goals, many get into romantic and marital relationships, have children, and build families. 90112
    90111 90041 Middle Age: 90042 This phase begins around 45 years of age. Generally, during this stage, people are caught between productivity or being stagnant. During this stage, the body begins to deteriorate from its peak and adults lose some of their physical strength, agility, ability, and body functions. This is the period that reflects the need to create a legacy that would make one continue to be relevant even during this period and as they approach old age.90112
    90111 90041 Old Age: 90042 This phase begins at around age 65. People in this stage tend to become more dependent on full-time care from children or family members, and are more prone to lifestyle diseases like cancer, stroke, etc, during this phase. This is the last stage of human life, after which death occurs. 90112
    90119
    90002 90041 What are the problems of adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 Being the period when active growth and physical, emotional, sexual, psychological occurs, adolescence is a potentially turbulent period that comes with series of problems.A lot of adolescence tend to get into depression as they pursue the need to fit into a group, low self-esteem as a result of body changes, prevalent bullying issues, etc. Adolescents may also suffer from Dysthymia, a mood disorder that is a bit less acute than the major depressive disorder but can be quite as chronic. It is known to last for close to 2years. Another prevalent problem is anxiety disorders, which stems from the expectations that they have for themselves, or that others may have about them.The antisocial and oppositional defiant disorder is also a common problem in adolescents- teenagers disobeying rules, being disrespectful, being very impulsive and acting without thinking, stealing, not caring about how their actions affect others, being violent to people and animals, etc. Issues that are related to growth and development, education / schooling, emotional instability, social-phobia, eating disorders, some childhood sicknesses which may extend to adolescence, mental health disorders are some problems of adolescence.90003
    90002 90041 What are the developmental stages of a teenager? 90042 90003
    90002 For adolescents in their teenage years, some of the developmental milestones that may occur are: 90003
    90110
    90111 Physical Development: This is the period when the difference in growth for boys and girls is most noticeable. While boys are hitting the age in which they begin to grow rapidly, girls are slowing down on the growth. Boys are growing muscles while hips and breasts are showing in girls.This period, most teenagers have a big appetite- which sometimes, leads to obesity if not well managed, may need more sleep, become more agile and coordinated which helps them to learn new skills and attempt complex projects. 90112
    90111 Cognitive Developments: Teenagers may begin to think more about their lives, and even also how the world works as a whole. They begin to show increasing ability to make informed guesses, reason and sort facts from fiction. They think more abstractly, build strong reasoning skills, set personal goals for the future, and make their own decisions.They also begin to develop a strong sense of right and wrong. 90112
    90111 Socio-Emotional Development: During the teen years, kids exhibit huge emotional and social changes as they grow. They begin to strive for independence, recognize personal strengths and challenges, are driven by peer acceptance, want to make more friends, may seem impulsive, moody, self-centered, argumentative. They also develop a better sense of who they are and the positive contributions they can make to friendships and other relationships in their lives.90112
    90119
    90002 90041 What happens in late adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 This phase is a transforming moment in an adolescent’s life, and the different milestones of development have prepared the adolescent for this final transition into adulthood. Usually, physical development is already complete by late adolescence, and at this point, the young adult already developed a sense of personal identity, has a more rational and realistic conscience and perspective about life and has refined moral, sexual, and religious values.Intellectually, the adolescent is still developing and this process may continue into the third decade of life. The society, however, regards kids in the late adolescent stage as legal adults in many ways. 90003
    90002 90041 Is adolescence a stressful time? 90042 90003
    90002 The adolescence phase is a period marked with inevitable turmoil which is a result of the transition from childhood to adulthood. It is often referred to as a period of ‘storm and stress’ for both the adolescents and their parents alike.The trouble with emotions, behavior, and relationships, especially with parents or guardians- is more prevalent. The reasons for this storm and stress is not farfetched- hormones are growing here and there, realities of life and accumulated stress factors setting in, physical growth and kids are more sensitive, peer pressure influences set in, unmet expectations, and so on. As difficult as this period can be, a lot of reputable organizations like the American Psychological Association (APA), and the World Health Organization amongst others provide numerous recommendations on to make this development stage easier for both the adolescents and the adults in their lives.Talking to a trained psychologist like the ones at ReGain can also help in tremendous ways. 90003
    90002 90041 What changes happen during middle adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 During middle adolescence, usually between 14 to about 18 years, the puberty-related physical changes continue. Growth spurt will have started in boys, while for girls, physical changes are nearly complete and most girls have their regular menstrual periods. Many teenagers may become more interested in sexual and romantic relationships during this stage, as they begin to question and explore their sexual identity.Adolescents in this phase may also have increasing arguments with their parents as they begin to find out that their parents are not perfect and start to test boundaries. They also tend to desire time outside with friends than inside the home, and peer pressure is mostly at its peak. Their brain also continues to change and mature, although, there is still a lot of difference in the way a typical middle adolescent thinks, compared to an adult. 90003
    90002 90041 What is the difference between puberty and adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 Although the meaning of the two words tends to get blurred during discussions and writings, the two are not the same thing.Puberty can be referred to as the period during which changes — especially physical and biological- happen, while adolescence is the period when someone transitions psychologically and socially from childhood into adulthood. Adolescence encompasses a larger period than puberty because the latter is over when the young individual’s body has fully transformed. Of course, it still takes some more time for him or her to be considered an adult. 90003
    90002 Simply put, puberty is a phase of physical transition, while adolescence is the social and psychological transition.90003
    90002 90041 What happens in the brain during adolescence? 90042 90003
    90002 The brain of children always has a rapid growth spurt when they are young. As soon as they are six, their brains are already about 90-95% the size of an adult brain. Adolescence is a period of significant growth and development in a teenager’s brain, and while some of these changes happen before puberty, some continue even long after. This may depend on age, hormonal changes in puberty, experience, etc. Usually, the main change is that the unused connections in the thinking and processing aspect of the child’s brain which is called the ‘grey matter’ gets pruned away, whilst other connections are being strengthened at the same time.This way, the brain is becoming more efficient, based on the ‘use it or lose it’ principle. This pruning process starts in the back of the brain, while the prefrontal cortex, which is the front part of the brain, gets remodeled last. The prefrontal cortex, being the decision-making part of the brain is what makes the adolescent able to plan and also to think about actions and consequences, control impulses, and solve problems, and these changes go on into early adulthood. However, because the development of the prefrontal cortex is still ongoing, teenagers may rely on the amygdala- a part of the brain associated with impulses, emotions, instincts, and aggression- to make decisions and solve problems more than adults do.90003
    90002 It’s understandably terrifying to think of young people out there driving, drinking, voting, and making adult decisions that affect all of us when their brains and personalities are still in such a constant state of flux. But perhaps it is only by allowing them the freedom to make mistakes that they can truly discover who they are. 90003
    90002 If you or someone you love is an adolescent or an emerging adult in need of support, do not hesitate to get in touch with one of our trained counselors at BetterHelp today.90003
    .90000 Coming of age- Adolescent health 90001 90002 Tackling gender norms that have a negative effect on health is critical. Studies of gender norms shows that during adolescence, in many countries, boys see an expansion of their horizons — they gain access to new opportunities, whereas girls can have fewer options, and their worlds shrink. At the same time, boys also are put at risk through the reinforcement of negative gender stereotypes, which encourage risk-taking behaviours and can perpetuate violence.Engaging young people in conversations about their own perceptions of gender norms, promoting gender equity in parenting and education, and tapping into the reach of media and technology could all help counter harmful gender norms that begin from infancy. 90003 90004 90002 Both girls and boys require support in overcoming barriers to accessing healthcare. In Nepal, for example, the Ministry of Health realized its adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme did not account for barriers such as distance and cost of travel, inability to come during opening hours, and a lack of privacy and confidentiality.It is now planning to introduce measures to address such constraints, including an increased focus on outreach services in disadvantaged areas and enhanced community engagement. 90003 90004 90002 A push to improve primary health care, led by the Global Conference on Primary Health Care in Astana this October, is an opportunity to shape primary care services that are responsive to adolescents ‘needs, including through youth engagement. Such a system would need to ensure that: adolescents know when and where to access services and pay no fees at the point of care; that providers are trained and have incentives for delivering adolescent-responsive care, including preventive care; and that no mandatory third party authorizations (e.g. parental or guardian permissions) are required for adolescents to use sexual and reproductive health services. 90004 90002 At the same time, while it will be important both to strengthen the ability of existing health services to respond to adolescents ‘health needs, it will also be important to reach young people where they are. This might include new uses of technology, as well as programmes that support active youth outreach at homes and schools. 90004 90002 An initiative led by WHO and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) aims to make every school a ‘health-promoting school’.The two organizations are working to develop and promote a set of global standards to guide schools and their communities to become healthy and safe places for learning. 90004 What is clear, is that improving adolescent health at all these levels is a very necessary investment in the future of our societies. «It is time that adolescent health comes of age,» says Baltag. «Adolescent health is a smart investment. Not only will it improve adolescent health and survival in the short-term, but will bring benefits for their future health as adults, and for the next generation to come.».

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